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The Lord of The Rings- J. R. R. Tolkien

Did you know The Lord of The Rings took over 10 years for John Ronald Reuel Tolkein to write?

J. R. R. Tolkien was born in 1892 in South Africa and died in 1973 in England. He was an English author most famous for writing:

  • The Hobbit in 1937
  • The Lord of the Rings in 1954-55.

When J.R.R. Tolkien was four years old, his father died in South Africa and after the death of his father J.R.R. Tolkien, with his brother and mother moved to Birmingham, England. 

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After a few years his mother turned to Catholicism, and J.R.R. Tolkien also followed the path of his mother with the faith. After the death of his mother in 1904, J.R.R. Tolkien and his brother were taken in as orphans by the Catholic Church.

Four years after the death of his mother J.R.R. Tolkien fell in love with Edith Bratt, also an orphan, and who inspired his fictional character Lúthien Tinúviel. J.R.R. Tolkien’s guardian strictly forbade him any connection with Edith, so he could not ask her to marry him until his 21st birthday.

J.R.R. Tolkien went to Kind Edward’s School and Exeter College, Oxford. He also served as a lieutenant in World War I and later continued his writings. 

After a few years his mother turned to Catholicism, and J.R.R. Tolkien also followed the path of his mother with the faith. After the death of his mother in 1904, J.R.R. Tolkien and his brother were taken in as orphans by the Catholic Church.

Four years after the death of his mother J.R.R. Tolkien fell in love with Edith Bratt, also an orphan, and who inspired his fictional character Lúthien Tinúviel. J.R.R. Tolkien’s guardian strictly forbade him any connection with Edith, so he could not ask her to marry him until his 21st birthday.

J.R.R. Tolkien went to Kind Edward’s School and Exeter College, Oxford. He also served as a lieutenant in World War I and later continued his writings. 

In World War I, he witnessed the Battle of the Somme. After that he became ill and was discharged from his duties.  During his adult life, he was a teacher of Literature and English at the Universities of Oxford and Leeds. Also during this time, he worked on many poetic novels and his own fantasy languages, especially on “Qenya”, which was an altered Finnish language, but he still felt the shortage of connections to gather his fantasies together. 

During his time teaching at Oxford and Leeds Universities he also acted as an examiner in other universities, he also wrote and published a few famous publications, i.e., Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and Beowulf during this period.

In 1926, J.R.R. Tolkien finished writing Beowulf, which was published after his death. This publication also included his lectures and notes, which he delivered during his teaching period. In 1962 he also completed a version of Ancrene Wisse.

He also entertained himself by writing many fantasy tales; these tales were mostly shady and sorrowful and were totally based on his own fantasy world. To cheer up his children, he arranged bright and fun tales and told them many fantasy stories at their bedtime. 

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The most famous of those tales was The Hobbit, which was published in 1937. The Hobbit was a small man who joined a journey for a dragon’s hidden treasure. He also created many pictures in order to support his fantasy words. The Hobbit became famous the publishers asked J.R.R. Tolkien to work on a sequel.

As a result of demand from the publishers, and after 17 years, Tolkien finished his classic tale “The Lord of the Rings”, this was a stylish version of a heroic tale. A few aspects from the “The Hobbit” were also reinstated, especially the magic ring, also known as the One Ring, which had to be destroyed before the Dark King “Sauron” could use it for his dark purposes of ruling the world. This tale included tales of Elves, Dwarves, Orcs and many others.

The Lord of the Rings and its sequels were not written only for children and there was a risk that it would be hard to sell due to its huge volume, so to overcome this risk, The Lord of the Rings was published in three parts:

  • The Fellowship of the Ring.
  • The Two Towers.
  • The Return of the King.

But it proved extremely popular, and more than 40 million copies were sold in different languages. Many famous authors have named The Lord of the Rings as the best publication of the 20th century and many other authors were inspired by it and started writing fantasy novels of their own, probably one of the most famous of these was C.R. Lewis who wrote the Narnia novels.  

In 2001-03, Peter Jackson, a film director, released the novel “Lord of the Rings” in a three-film series. These series accomplished success all over the world and so another trilogy was released based on “The Hobbit.

During lifetime of J.R.R> Tolkien, many short works also published:

Later in life Tolkien also tried to complete “The Silmarillion”, which was a prequel to his masterpiece The Lord of The Rings, but he failed to complete it, but In 1977, his son “Christopher” edited and published The Silmarillion. 

There have been several of Tolkien’s works and novels published posthumously which were unfinished tales completed by his Son.

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